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STP, UTP, FTP Cable & More: 7 Types & When to Use Them!

Posted by: Kristen Poulos on July 23, 2015

Like a shield used during battle, shielding in cables acts as a barrier that protects the cable from external threats, such as electrical interference (EMI). It also prevents cable signals from interfering with surrounding cables and equipment.

STP Cable

While not all environments demand such a robust cable, shielding is becoming more common. When it first became available, shielded cables were used in areas such as factory floors, areas with high concentrations of electrical equipment, and secure communications applications. Today, shielded cable is prevalent in many types of applications, including government, healthcare and even education.

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There are many acronyms used to describe shielded cables, from STP to F/FTP; while many are often used synonymously, nearly all of them have different meanings. This blog provides basic information about each style, as defined by ISO/IEC 11801:200, to clear up the confusion.

  1. F/UTP (FTP)

    An overall foil shield (F) with unscreened twisted pairs (UTP). This cable is very much like common UTP cables, with the addition of foil underneath the main cable jacket. Another common name for this cable is FTP. F/UTP cables are common in 10GBaseT applications.

  2. S/UTP

    An overall braid screen (S) with unscreened twisted pairs (UTP). This is occasionally referred to as an STP cable, but beware: There are other shielded cables among this list that may also claim this term. To be sure, always check to see whether your cable will have any kind of overall barrier, and whether the individual pairs have their own shield.

  3. SF/UTP

    Both an overall braid screen (S) and foil shield (F) with unscreened twisted pairs (UTP). This cable is also occasionally referred to as an STP cable. Cables with an overall braided screen are very effective at protecting EMI from entering or exiting the cable.

  4. S/FTP

    An overall braid screen (S) with foil screened twisted pairs (FTP). The “shield” underneath the jacket is a braid, and each individual pair is surrounded by its own foil barrier. The purpose of the additional foil on individual pairs is to limit the amount of crosstalk between them.

  5. F/FTP

    An overall foil shield (F) with foil screened twisted pairs (FTP). Similar to F/UTP cables, these shielded cables are commonly used in 10GBaseT applications.

  6. U/FTP

    No overall shielding or braid (U) with foil screened twisted pairs (FTP). This type of shielded cable is commonly used in 10GBaseT applications as well.

  7. U/UTP

    Notice anything wrong here? You caught us! This cable is not shielded at all, and is the common unshielded cable most often referred to as UTP cable.

Now You Know!

Now that you’ve read through these shielded cable types, you can refer to this handy guide to keep them straight. But it can still be confusing to wade through acronyms like STP, F/FTP, and FTP when selecting the right cable for your project.

If you have any questions, or are looking for a specific shielded cable, Belden can help. Our global facilities produce a variety of shielded cable styles, and our experts can help you find what you need.

To learn more about shielded cable, visit our Shielded Cable Product Bulletin or schedule a call with one of our experts!

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Tags:Data Center, LAN

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  1. April 11, 2016 at 02:07

    Thanks for asking, Dan! A drain wire is present in all shielded cable types. It is important as it ensures good bonding connection to the connecting hardware.

  2. Dan
    March 15, 2016 at 03:41

    No mention of a drain wire, do all shielded types include a drain wire or only certain types?

  3. Edgar
    January 27, 2016 at 03:20

    I sort of miss SF/FTP, though maybe it's not specified in the ISO/IEC standards. I'm fairly certain though, that someone somewhere built such a beast. Even better, is there something like */SFTP? If the 'F' in FTP stands for "foil screened twisted pairs" then clearly there's an 'S' as in "braid screen" missing for every individual foil screened twisted pair. That is, I miss a SF/SFTP. You'll never know when the next EMP hits ya!


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