Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming a reality. AV systems, security cameras and building management systems are becoming part of your network. Nearly all IoT connections are made using IP (internet protocol), which could hypothetically allow tens of billions of devices to connect to just one network.
As a result of these changes, Power over Ethernet (PoE) is also on the rise. In fact, BSRIA predicts that more than 80% of wireless access points (WAPs) will rely on PoE as a way to transmit electrical power and data to remote devices over standard twisted-pair wire in an Ethernet network by 2020. Between 20% and 50% of other devices and applications – security cameras, access control systems, lighting and HVAC – are predicted to rely on PoE by 2020.
As LANs transform and grow to accommodate these changes, simplicity will be key to avoid cumbersome installation and scaling challenges, and save time.
Using security cameras as an example, LAN infrastructure can be simplified when plugs are placed on the end of horizontal cabling and run straight out to an IP device. PoE cable can be directly connected to a camera without any connections in between – in this situation, it doesn’t make sense to deploy several other connections along the way.
This simplified type of connection method is one we like to call “direct connect.” It’s also known as a home-run connection or an end-to-end connection. This direct-connect method efficiently connects IP devices to the LAN. A single cable is used to connect a device at one end; the other end of the cable is connected directly to where it needs to be.
When you utilize horizontal cabling in this fashion, two things happen:
Although a direct connection can improve efficiency, simplify infrastructure and reduce complexity, there’s an important point to keep in mind: You can’t measure the performance of a plug using channel specifications on your field tester.
Channel specifications don’t include the plug on the end of the channel. When using a field tester with channel adapters for channel testing, the plug is essentially “subtracted out”; as a result, you didn’t get to see the performance of the plug on the end of your cable. Because direct-connect cabling likely uses field-attach plugs, a slight modification to the field test is required, using pigtails, to ensure that the plug was installed correctly.
Alternatively, you can use ISO test limits, which are available on testers labeled as TR11801-99-2. This method utilizes patch cord adapters, and does the calculation to include the plug on the end of the channel.
Using a direct-connect method in combination with grid cabling will bring you the same benefits as an entire direct-attach assembly. In this scenario, horizontal runs are pulled to zone boxes. Within these zone boxes are patch panels. Assemblies are deployed from these boxes/panels to connected devices: WAPs, lights, monitors, cameras, printers, displays, etc. When devices are added or moved, the assembly from the box to the static end device is the only thing that needs to be changed. (Check back in a few weeks to learn more about grid cabling in a new blog post.)
To better support direct-connect field assembly, Belden is releasing a new product this month that’s ideal for use with bonded-pair cabling. A core that accepts either a plug or a jack body is installed on the cable, providing an added level of versatility and reliability to support the ever-evolving LAN. The product is optimized for connectorizing horizontal cabling with either a plug or a jack.
Have you attempted the direct-connect method before?
Share your experience with us in the comments section below!
Ron joined Belden in 2016 to help define the roadmap of technology and applications in the enterprise. Prior to this, he developed cables and connectivity for Panduit and Andrew Corp. Ron Tellas is a subject-matter expert in RF design and Electromagnetic Propagation. He represents Belden in the ISO WG3 committee, TIA TR42 Premises Cabling Standards and IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working Group. Ron is the inventor of 16 US patents. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology, and a Master of Business Administration from Purdue University.