Cabling standards exist for a reason – they help you get the most out of your networks. But many cabling solutions are designed to perform beyond what the standards specify.
When standards for performance are set by groups like the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO/IEC) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), why go beyond what they recommend? Because cable performance that goes beyond standards can lead to a more reliable LAN connection for enterprises.
Bandwidth and Information Capacity
The standards spell out specifications for insertion loss and background noise levels (return loss, near-end crosstalk [NEXT], etc.). If your cable stays within the recommended parameters, the cabling system will perform as intended in terms of signal to noise ratio, or information capacity. For cabling, this is referred to as bandwidth.
Information capacity indicates the ability for a cable to transmit data through the channel (which includes cable and connectors). It can also be referred to as the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), expressed in decibels (dB).
Cabling systems designed and manufactured to perform beyond these standards specifications, however, can offer increased bandwidth performance, which leads to increased information capacity. As discovered years ago, there is a fundamental relationship between bandwidth and information capacity.
What Impacts Information Capacity?
As you can see in the diagram above, information capacity performance is bounded at the top by insertion loss and at the bottom by external or internal noise.
What reduces a cable’s information capacity?
When cable performance offers high signal power and high noise immunity, the area that falls within those two lines in the diagram above gets bigger – and that increase represents an increase in the cable’s information capacity.
Excellent return loss improves cable information capacity by reducing the amount of work the physical layer inside your equipment (PHY) must put forth to use compute power from the digital signal processor to keep connection links up and running.
This reduced reliance on digital signal processing can improve LAN reliability, leading to less reliance on PHY echo cancellation algorithms. (Echo cancellation is the process of preventing signal echo from being created, or removing signal echo when it is present.)
When a signal is applied to cabling, it is ideally only transmitted to the far end, traveling in one direction. Part of the signal, however, can be reflected back toward the transmitter due to mismatches among cables and connectors. The amount of signal being reflected back is characterized by return loss.
Lower NEXT levels can also lead to less reliance on digital signal processing of the PHY. And less reliance on the computational power of the PHY means a more reliable data transmission, more channel uptime and lower power consumption.
Where Belden Fits In
Belden’s cable provides superior performance because its return loss extends beyond what the standards require. Using Belden cabling means that digital signal processing doesn’t have to be responsible for echo cancellation, reducing reliance on the PHY.
Learn more about our cabling solutions for enterprise networks, which are designed to maximize performance and longevity, maintain uptime and prepare your organization for the future.
Ron joined Belden in 2016 to help define the roadmap of technology and applications in the enterprise. Prior to this, he developed cables and connectivity for Panduit and Andrew Corp. Ron Tellas is a subject-matter expert in RF design and Electromagnetic Propagation. He represents Belden in the ISO WG3 committee, TIA TR42 Premises Cabling Standards and IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working Group. Ron is the inventor of 16 US patents. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology, and a Master of Business Administration from Purdue University.