Who doesn’t want an efficient, cost-effective, high-performing network? IT professionals dedicate themselves to achieving this goal, and there are several ways to make it happen. In the quest to save money, it’s not uncommon for network managers to consider low-quality, cheap patch cords. But not all patch cords are created equal. Cheap patch cords may not match standards, and can cause signal degradation.
These short lengths of cable with attached RJ45 plugs, patch cords complete the signal-routing channel by connecting computers to the wall, and cross-connects to hubs. As the number of network-connected devices continues to increase, the numbers of patch cords being used is also increasing. This small component can make a big difference (and potentially cause big problems) in network performance.
Low-quality, cheap patch cords are often the cause for reliability issues in high-speed channels. When something changes in the channel, the link must be re-established. A cheap patch cord may dramatically change the channel, causing performance problems. If this type of cord is bumped or moved, a change in the channel occurs. The link will drop, and the DSP must re-establish the link. One bad patch cord can cause performance delays for end-users, leading to frustration and network problems. Cheap patch cords can be the weakest link in a high-speed channel.
NEXT is a computation of the unwanted signal coupling from a twisted pair at the near-end into a different twisted pair at the near end, expressed in decibels (dB).A larger number means less crosstalk; a smaller number means more crosstalk.
In poor NEXT conditions (with lots of crosstalk), the channel must rely more heavily on the digital signal processing of the PHY.
A ratio expressed in dB of the power of the outgoing signal to the power of the reflected signal. These reflections are typically caused by an impedance mismatch. High return loss is usually desired, indicating fewer reflections and well-matched components; it leads to lower insertion loss.
In situations with poor (low) return loss, the channel must rely more heavily on the echo cancellation of the PHY.
Patch cords must pass all cabling requirements; manufacturers are responsible for verifying this.
If low-quality cabling is used to create a cheap patch cord, and that patch cord is tested only as a patch cord, only near-end crosstalk and return loss will be measured. Testing doesn’t confirm whether other cable parameters will be met.
This is especially important to note for Category 6A patch cords. When high-quality Category 6 cable is tested, it may pass Category 6A patch cord requirements because only near-end crosstalk and return loss are measured.
When these patch cords are bundled and placed in a Category 6A channel, however, the channel fails alien crosstalk requirements. Why? Because Category 6 cable isn’t designed to handle high data-speed requirements.
In a 2010 electrical performance test of Category 6 copper patch cords conducted by the Communications Cable and Connectivity Association (CCCA), 85% of cheap patch cords failed NEXT and/or RL. (These patch cords were manufactured by companies largely unknown in North America.) In a second test of Category 6 copper patch cords produced by well-recognized manufacturers, a 0% failure rate was demonstrated. Although the study is a few years old, the results still apply today.
Belden Category 5e, 6 and 6A patch cords feature patented bonded-pair technology. This ensures high return loss, and protects the cable from problems caused by typical wear and tear endured by patch cords. Snagless, overmolded boots offer valuable strain and pull relief.
At Belden, we also offer traceable patch cords, which allow you to quickly and easily identify and trace network connections. For all of our patch cords, we also test every assembly to ensure proper channel performance. All Belden patch cords offer maximum return-loss performance under all patching conditions.
Learn more about Belden’s solutions for high-performance networks here.
Have you had network problems as a result of a low-quality patch cord?
Tell us about your experiences in the comments section below!
Ron joined Belden in 2016 to help define the roadmap of technology and applications in the enterprise. Prior to this, he developed cables and connectivity for Panduit and Andrew Corp. Ron Tellas is a subject-matter expert in RF design and Electromagnetic Propagation. He represents Belden in the ISO WG3 committee, TIA TR42 Premises Cabling Standards and IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Working Group. Ron is the inventor of 16 US patents. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology, and a Master of Business Administration from Purdue University.